California’s agriculture is under constant attack from invasive pests and diseases. These non-native organisms, be it plants, insects, diseases, or microbes, pose a significant threat to California’s ecosystems and food supply, and managing them has become a pivotal task for Western Plant Health’s members.
These invasive species are often introduced primarily through unintentional and accidental means but find fertile ground in California’s diverse ecosystems. These non-native species may have few natural enemies in their new locations, allowing them to become pests in the new environment. Often, the invasive population increases dramatically, overwhelming native species by out-competing them for resources such as food, water, light, and space.
California annually suffers over $3 billion in agricultural losses due to these invasive species. The magnitude of this problem cannot be understated, as both the United States and California Departments of Agriculture are mandated to protect against the invasion of exotic pests and diseases.
These invaders can disrupt delicate ecosystems by endangering native plants, altering soil chemistry, and affecting water systems. In some cases, invasive weeds can choke out native plants, which threatens the food and shelter of native animals.
The threat of wildfires can also be linked to invasive species. UC Riverside Center for Invasive Species states, “Invasive plants can also cause wildfires to occur more often and burn more intensely.” According to university researchers, including the University College London, California’s 2018 wildfires cost the US economy $148.5 billion.
There is a constant battle against invasive pests and diseases. “On average, California acquires around nine new species of macro-invertebrate per year, of which around three will become pests. This is a rate of one new species every 40 days. Hawaii and Florida acquire new species at a rate of around 15 per year” – UC Riverside Center for Invasive Species.
To stop the rapid growth of these pests and diseases, Western Plant Health members work with agricultural communities and local and state officials to employ a wide range of strategies that involve several modern tools and extensive research.
Leveraging modern science, Western Plant Health members have invested hundreds of millions of dollars in control products to manage invasive species populations. In addition, research into resistant crop varieties and integrated pest management strategies also offers promising pathways to safeguard California’s agriculture and natural habitats.
The battle against invasive pests and diseases is a continuous endeavor that demands concerted efforts from various stakeholders, including governmental agencies, the agriculture industry, Western Plant Health members, research institutions, and the community at large. As California deals with the influx of non-native organisms, the goal remains clear: to protect its ecosystems from these relentless invaders while preserving the delicate balance that sustains our nation’s food supply and the region’s rich biodiversity.